Advantages And Disadvantages Of Element Of Culture
The following are the element of culture;
- Craft and Tools
The Following are elements of culture
This implies interacting with others in the community. It gives chances for members to learn and do things together in community e.g. harvesting, initiation ceremonies
The importance of Co-operation,
- Promotes interaction of people in a given society.
- Through interaction, people are able to perform collective and important activities like burials or pastoral activities which a single person cannot do.
Traditions refer to the way of doing something that has existed for a long time among a particular group of people. It resemble belief, custom and norms they are experienced of the past that are inherited by a society and they are unchangeable.
– Examples Marriage, funeral ceremonies, worshiping system, family care and courtship, sport and game.
The importance of Traditions
- Uniting people together when the meet to conduct or cerebrating the event. E.g. marriages and burial ceremonies.
- Also through initiation ceremonies prepare and promote people from childhood to adulthood.
– Is a socially structured system of sound patterns, written words or signs with specific and arbitrary meaning used by a society for communication.
It has a major role of creating interaction between and among people in short it binds the separate human lives together.
Language is the most distinctive and complex achievement of human beings it is used to express physical and spiritual wishes.
Tanzania has more than 120 tribes with different vernacular languages, e.g. Chagga, Pare, Sukuma, Haya, Makonde, Maasai etc. However, all these tribes are unified by the Swahili language which is the National Language.
Both Kiswahili and English languages are used as official language in Tanzania.
The importance of Language
- Is an important in element of culture because it is used as a medium of communication in the society.
- Language is used to convey messages.
- It can also serve as an identify of a given society in particular or nation in general .e.g. Kiswahili language in Tanzania.
- Language can be used to unite, educate and inculcate a sense of awareness to youth
As elements of culture Arts are expression which reflect feelings attitude and the level of development of a given society as struggling for existence and survival in a particular environment. For instance dramatizing and singing. These achievement could either be bound, political or economic ones.
The importance of Art and creative
- Art helps us to express our feelings, attitudes and events in a very enjoyable way – e.g. through songs, drama and pictures.
- Other forms of arts such as painting and drawing are used for decorations.
5. Crafts and tools
Craft– Crafts are technological creations by man that express man’s culture. Also Refers to the objects fashioned or created and used by a particular society example of craft include furniture, clay pots, baskets, sculptures, graphics and may others. Crafts can also reflect the cultural values and technology of the concerned society.
Tools are instruments of labor used by people for production and they differ from one society to another depending on the nature and level of technology of the society. For example, tools used in the Stone Age were poor compared to the tools used during the Iron Age. These tools included iron hoes, axes and Pangas.
The importance of Crafts and Tools
- Provide households with necessary materials such as furniture, pots and baskets which are used daily.
- Source of income. Some of them can be sold to provide money for people,
Customs refer to short-lived pattern of habit shared by the member of a group. They can be directly observed.
Custom transmitted from one generation to another generation such customs include foods, clothes, shelter, argument, education, worship, names, greeting, love and beauty obedience.
The importance of Custom
- Help societies to adopt certain cultural values like dressing style, eating habits, hairstyles etc. which are sometimes worthwhile for acceptable in certain occasions – e.g. in wedding ceremonies
- Among other things are used to represent various object and events to the people
Norms refer to the standard of behavior that are typical of or accepted/agreed to follow within a particular group or society. It gives us guideline on how we should act so that we can get our daily activity.
Norms have to categories Mores and Folkways
Mores- Are those norms which society considers them to be of great Moral significance. Those who violet them are defined as sinful, evil, wicked and offered. The punishment to them is various including death, imprisonment, torture etc. Such mores that may lead to harsh punishment are also called taboos e.g. murder, treason, rape, theft etc.
Folkways- These are customary and habitual ways by which the members of a group do things. Folkways are considered as less important norms in which the violators of them gets mild punishment
Example of the common folkways are time for appointment, greetings and washing clothes.
The importance of Norms
- Guide behavior they specify the behavior that is appropriate or not in a given situation ,
- Gives guideline on how we should act or not act on our daily activities.
Values are abstract idea of what’s is described correct and good that most member of a society share .They are conceptions or standards by which members of a society evaluate people, objects and events as to the relative worth, merit ,beauty or morality. Value are used by the member of society to distinguish the desirable from the undesirable, what is good and bad the beautiful from the ugly.
The importance of Value
- Help society to adopt acceptable behavior shape and individual personalities.
- A decent dressing for instance, can mark someone look smart and presentable in a certain occasion like wedding ceremony
Ideology Is a systematized and interconnected set of ideas about the social-economic and political organization of society as a whole. It contains ideals, ends purposes that a society should pursue.
Ideology lay down the principles and conditions to be followed by given society.
The importance of Ideology
- It provides a guideline on how people should live in a given place and time.
- It enables society to explain, justify and order several existential condition which would otherwise prove impossible to explain .
- It also serves as mean for self-identification for individual and group that adhere to it.
In their collective form, rules or patterns form another indicator of culture for behavior, known as Norms. These rules are those that members of a group, community or society agree to follow. The rules determine what is right or wrong in a given society.
Norms are connected with ranks as well as situations and are recognized into roles. The pattern of behavior expected of people differs from ranks, such as husbands, fathers, citizens, employees, and children.
It is also a norm for our children to start greeting and vacating seats for elders in certain situations. Norms include the most important things in the society.
Consider things like taboos, legacy, history, rituals, treatment of diseases, respect, obedience and laws concerning marriage, births, inheritance and burial ceremonies to mention only a few.
Law is a deliberately from adopted rules of behavior that are enforced by special authority. There is no culture without laws.
Are social rules that guide behavior. They specify the behavior that is appropriate or not in a given society.
The importance of rules and laws
are very crucial cultural elements as
- They defend social norms.
- Determine what is right or wrong in the society.
- Thus, they shape the behavior of people.
Reaction means relaxing and amusing work makes the body and mind to get tired so that mean med a roast.
Good entertainment is that which refreshes a person E.g. voluntary hobbies, sports, games, music and even dancing.
The importance of Recreation
- It helps people relax and gather energy before they engage in production again
Are highly passing pattern of behavior fashion allows many change in norms Example Arts dressing etc.
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ELEMENT OF CULTURE
DISADVANTAGES OF CULTURAL ELEMENTS
1. Spread of HIV/AIDS and STI’S (Sexually Transmitted Infections) Traditional ceremonies, such as “ngoma” contribute a lot . Initiation ceremonies which involve circumcision of birth female and male can also cause problems such as the transmission of HIV/AIDS, especially when they are not done properly. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) can cause high bleeding and difficulties during childbirth.
2. Indigenous culture can be destructed by imposition of foreign culture, Through visual arts such as video and television. Foreign culture is imposed through the media such as radio, print and television. People learn different practices such as inappropriate dress styles and other things like gay lifestyles.
3. Social institutions and religious beliefs can transmit negative attitudes to the people about the culture of a certain society. For example, colonial education and religion imparted ideas of despising Africa culture and glorifying western culture. Christian missionaries said Africa culture was “barbaric”.
4. Health problem due to food taboos. There are some traditional ways of life which prohibit certain groups of people from eating certain kinds of food which are nutritious. For example, there are taboos in some societies that prohibit women from eating eggs, livers, Chickens when they are pregnant.
5. Poverty, some traditions discourage family planning. Polygamist tradition may also be a cause. The Patriarchy system as cultural practices limit women rights and hence retards development of the society.