HISTORY FORM ONE REVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS
QUESTION BASED ON SOURCES AND IMPORTANCE OF HISTORY
“History is the subject that tells people their historical time of a day”.
Explain six significances of studying history
-enables people to know their origin.
-enables people to know their culture.
-enables people to get employments eg teachers, curator, anthropologists, archaeologists, administrators etc
– enables people to know technological changes.
-enbles people to know different events and how they occurred eg ww1.
-enables learners to understand how African societies were formed.
-helps to develop the basic skills of critical thinking, reasoning, judgment.
-develop and understanding appreciation of African unity and the need of it.
-enebles people to search for truth.
-enebles man to know success and failure of ancient people.
Discuss the sources on which the basic history is reconstructed (NECTA 1988)
Name and describe the five major sources of historical information, what are the limits of History from these sources and why must the sources be handled carefully(NECTA 1985)
-audio visual sources eg CD’s, cassettes, films.
Show the advantages and disadvantages of archeology and oral traditions as methods of reconstruction of history (2001)
-It provided evidenced of the past remains.
-It links the gaps left by other sources such as oral tradition and written records.
-Employment opportunities to archaeologists like Dr. Louis Leakey.
-Archeological sites can be used as tourist attractions eg Olduvai gorge.
-It yells us a great deal about man’s past life.
-It reveals the level if development attained by early man eg stone tools and iron tools.
-It reveals the level l if technology of past man..
-It can show religious beliefs of past man through excavating tools used during prayers such as cups..
-It makes history real because learners can see, feel and touch the objects excavated eg the skull of the earliest man.
–Does tell about past social organizations, eg how ntemiship worked.
-It can not reveal peoples languages.
-It is a Tim consuming method, excavations took long period of times such as months or years.
-It needs experts.
-It is not appplicabke to study recent history.
-It is very expensive in terms of tools used for digging, number of experts and time.
-Poor interpretation of material excavated.
-Agents of weather such as winds, hurricanes, earthquakes etc can destroy the site and tools.
Show the relationship between the discovery of minerals and the growth of imperialism in south Africa (NECTA 1994)
What were the effects of mineral revolution of south Africa (NECTA 1996)
Discuss the effect of the discover and running of diamond and gold in south Africa (NECTA 1999)
Mineral in south Africa was discovered in 1867 when diamond was discovered at Kimberly and continued to 1880’s when gold was discovered at Witwatersrand.
It’s contribution to imperialism were:-
-increase British interest to rule south Africa .
-improvement of infrastructures like roads and railways i.e. Capitalist constructed to easier transportation of minerals
-establishment of heavy industries
-emergency of powerfully mining companies e.g. De Boers and consolidated gold
-increase of migrant and unskilled labor
-loose of African independence
Appraise the advantages of iron technology in the pre-colonial africa (NECTA 2008)
Explain how discovery of iron led to changes in lives of east Africa in the 16th century and 17th century (NECTA 1997)
-increase of population
-improvement of security
-formation of states
– improvement of standard of living.
-growth of towns eg Meroe.
-growth of states eg Zulu
– increase of specialization.
-me beliefs eg god Ogun in west Africa.
In which ways iron Age people different for the stone Age people? (NECTA 1999)
During Iron age :-
-Man used tools with better efficiency compared to stone age
tools were sharper/lighter/smaller while in stone age there were crude tools
– increased production because of better/efficient tools while stone age people produce lower products
-man started to live in an area permanently instead while stone age people lived nomadically
-cultivation of food began while during stone age people depended on hunting and gathering
– family life was more stable with the formation of villages while stone aged people lived scattered
-began era of division of labor by class/gender/age/wealth while stone aged people lacked specialization.
– population growth while stone aged people were small in number.
Appraise forces which led to the development of trade in pre colonial African societies.
Account for the factors which enabled growth of pre colonial trade.
-specialization in trading activities.
-surplus production as a result of improvement of technology.
-increase of trade items such as iron tools, baskets, canoes, gold, slaves etc
-development of well political organizations eg Buganda,Bunyoro, Mali
-presence of trade routes.
-needy of communities.
What were the significants of trade in pre colonial Africa?.
-availability of goods to where they were not produced.
-emergence of wealth class (merchants/traders).
-growth of towns eg Jenne, Timbuktu, Gap in west Africa; Ujiji, Tabora, Kilwa in East Africa.
-growth of states eg Mali, Ghana in west Africa; Congo, Ngola in central Africa, Hehe, Buganda in East Africa.
-intermarriages which led to development of social relations.
-spread of technology eg iron making, basketry, pottery.
-spread of Islam, especially in west Africa due to trans Saharan trade.
-development of caravan routes.
-increase of production; to obtain surplus and to get enough food for the increased population
QUESTION BASED ON DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL AND POLITICAL SYSTEMS
Name three different system of political organization adopted by different east Africa ethnic tribes in the 18th Briefly name their economic activities (NECTA 1988)
-ntemiship organization eg among Sukuma and Nyamwezi
-kingdom/empire eg Zulu, Hehe, Buganda, Mandinka
-clan organization eg Yao,
-age –set organization eg Maasai
-sultanate eg Umwinyi along the coast
Show the factors for the rise of the Buganda kingdom in the 19th century (NECTA 1988)
Discuss the factors for the rise and consolidation of the Buganda kingdom (NECTA 1989)
FACTORS FOR RISE OF STATE:-
-Good leadership eg Menelik II of Ethiopia, Mansa Musa of Mali etc
-agriculture eg in the interlucustrine region like Buganda kingdom
-trade eg Mali in west African long distance trade.
-good climatic condition, especially to support agriculture for food production
-iron technology, eg Meroe in Sudan.
-fertile soil which supports food crops
-minerals availability such as gold for trade
-conquest for powerful states eg Zulu
-Migration (a contemporary factor).
-Size of the kingdom eg Ghana
-geographical location. Eg Ethiopia
FACTORS FOR THE FALL OF STATE:-
-European intervention eg Congo with the coming of Portuguese.
-war of conquest
-decline of trade
-decline of agriculture
-migration migrated areas were negatively affected.
– presence of diseases eg sleeping sickness
– internal disputes or conflicts over succession eg Maasai
OTHER DISCUSSION QUESTIONS
1. Discuss the factors for the rise of the Mali empire in western Sudan (NECTA 1989)
2. What were the main factors for the rise of Kimbu empire in the second half of the 19th century (NECTA 1993)
3. Asses the contribution of Gold in the rises of and consolidation of Ghana empire in west Africa (NECTA 1993/2000)
4. Outline the factors for the rise of Kingdom of Karagwe (NECTA 1993)
5. Account for the rise and downfall of the Asante empire (1994)
6. Discuss the factors which led to the rise and fall of different states in western Sudan up to the end of the 15th century AD (NECTA 1997)
7. With the relevant examples show the reasons for the emergency and downfall of Congo Zambezi an states in central Africa (NECTA 2002)
8. Account for the rise of state organization in pre –colonial Africa (NECTA 1985)
9. Discuss the factors for the rise of the ancient Egyptian states (NECTA 2006)
10. Explain the factors for the rise of the Bunyoro-Kitara kingdom (NECTA 2009)
11. Account for the rise and downfall of Oyo Empire in the 19th century (NECTA 2010)
12. Explain six pre-requisites for state formation in the pre-colonial Africa (NECTA 2012)