1. Choose the best alternatives from the choices given below;

(i) The portion of Africa took place in which country?

A. German

B. Britain

C. France

D. Egypt.

(ii) Which year did partition of Africa take place?

A. 1918

B. 1885

C. 1884

D. 1870

(iii) One of reason for partition of Africa was?

A. European Nationalism

B. Humanitarian factors

C. Looking for areas of settlement

D. All of the above.

(iv) The leader of Berlin Conference was?

A. Pierre Savognan

B. Stanley Mortoy

C. King Leopard

D. Bismarck.

(v) Which was not objective of Berlin Conference of 1884 – 1884?

A. Deal with conflict of trade and territorial dams

B. Solve existing territorial disputes

C. Appoint African rulers in their territories

D. Define sphere of influence.

(vi) Which of these countries was not colonized?

A. Congo

B. Egypt

C. Liberia

D. Namibia

(vii) Which of these countries were not affected by Anglo – German Agreement of 1886?

A. Italy

B. Britain

C. German

D. Zanzibar

(viii) Which of these is not an effect of scramble for and partition of Africa?

A. Gain of independence by African countries

B. Death and hardship of Africans

C. Creation of states in post – colonial period

D. Taxation of Africans.

(ix) Which of the following was not colonized by British?

A. Egypt

B. Congo

C. Uganda

D. Zimbabwe.

(x) Which statement is not true?

A. Berlin Conference removed conflicts which were in Congo

B. There were three stages in partition of Africa

C. All colonialists used force to colonize Africans

D. Berlin Conference comes up with rules on how to divide Africa.

2. Match the following dates with Events.
A. The year Congo become a personal properly of King Leopard

B. King Leopard hosted an international meeting in Brussels.

C. The year Suez Canal was opened

D. De Brazza ceded Congo Territory.

E. Berlin Conference took place.

  1. 1880
  2. 1869
  3. 1769
  4. 1882
  5. 1884 – 1885
  6. 1885 – 1908
  7. 1879
  8. 1884
  9. 1876
  10. 1870

3. Fill the blanks in the following questions;

a)  Anglo – German Agreement occurred in the year of_______

b)  The first two stages of partition of Africa were called________

c)   The other name of Anglo – German treaty of 1886_______

d)  The chancellor of German during colonialism________

e)   Were defected during second World War_____________

4. (a) Explain the terms below

i. Partition

ii. Colonialism

iii. Scramble.

(b) Explain causes of scramble of Africa


5. Describe events leading to Berlin Conference in 1884 – 1885

6. Discuss the impact of scramble for and partition of Africa by the European power.

7. (a) Identify stages of partition of Africa by colonial power

(b) What agreement was reached during Anglo – German treaty of 1886.

8. What was the significance of Berlin conference to Africa?


1. Choose the best alternatives from the choices given below;

(i) An example of large scale resistance to colonialists is?

A. Nandi Resistance

B. The Yao Resistance

C. Maji maji Rebellious

D. Mazrui Dynasty Resistance.

(ii) Which of these community did not participate in Maji Maji uprising?

A. Mbunga

B. Ngido

C. Chagga

D. Zaramo.

(iii) An example of community that collaborated is?

A. Sangu and Bena

B. Hehe

C. Abushir and Bwana Heri

D. Baganda

(iv) An example of passive resistance was by:

A. Shona and Ndebele

B. Mandika in West Africa

C. Pogoro in Tanzania

D. Maasai in Kenya.

(v) The Nyamwezi resistance occurred in year

A. 1895 – 1897

B. 1890 – 1899

C. 1891 – 1894

D. 1905 – 1907

(vi) Which is not a reason why Samori Toure managed to fight French?

A. Was assisted by French

B. Used modern weapons

C. He was rich

D. Had strong army.

(vii)  The King of Ashanti during resistance to colonist was

A. Mwene Mutapa

B. Samori Toure

C. Kinjekitile

D. Asantehene.

(viii) Which is wrongly matched?

A. Nama and Herero – Namibia

B. Shona and Ndebele – Congo

C. Samori Toure – Guinea

D. Nandi resistance – Kenya

(ix) The Bunyoro resistance in Uganda took place in?

A. 1899

B. 1893

C. 1900

D. 1886

(x) Which is not a reason why African was defeated during Maji Maji rebellion?

A. Poor weapons used by Africans

B. Support of German by other forces

C. Failure of Africans to Unite

D. Use of scorched – earth policy by Germans.

2. Match the dates below with corresponding Events.
A. Samori Toure fight against French

B. Maji Maji Rebellion took place

C. Bunyoro resistance

D. Hehe resistance

E. Nyamwezi resistance

F. Nandi resistance

  1. 1891 – 1894
  2. 1889
  3. 1893
  4. 1899
  5. 1905 – 1907
  6. 1891 – 1898
  7. 1889 – 1890
  8. 1890
  9. 1891 – 1894
  10. 1896 -1897
  11. 1914 -1918

3. (a) Define the following

i. Resistance

ii. Collaboration

iii. Passive Resistance

iv. Active Resistance.

(b) Why did most Africans resort to Active resistance?

4. (a) Name the leaders of these resistance.

i. Hehe resistance

ii. Maji Maji rebellion

iii. Nama Herero uprising

iv. Shona Ndebele uprising

v. French invasion in Senegambia.

(b)  Analyze the impact of Maji Maji Rebellion

5. Discuss why many African resistance filed?

6. What were causes of Maji Maji Rebellion?

7. (a) Why did European have interest in African continent?

(b) Describe techniques used by colonialist.

8. Why did Africans opt to collaborate with Africans?

TOPIC : 2  


1. Choose the best alternatives from the choices given below;

(i) British used Indirect Rule because:

A. Lacked man – power

B. It was cheaper

C. African preferred it

D. Both A and B.

(ii) The following countries used indirect rule:

A. Nigeria and Kenya

B. Mali and Burkinafaso

C. Nigeria and Tanganyika

D. Uganda and Gambia.

(iii) The founder of indirect rule system in Africa was;

A. Cecil Rhodes

B. Saint – Louis

C. Frederick Lugard

D. Samori Toure

(iv) The head of British colonial Administration is?

A. Colonial secretary

B. Governor

C. Minister of colonies

D. In charge of province.

(v) The highest office / post in French colonial administrative structure was?

A. Chief de Canton

B. Commandant de circle

C. Minister of colonies

D. Governor.

(vi) One difference between British Administrative and French policy is that:

A. British used exploitation, French did not

B. French established legislative council, British did not

C. French emphasized use of French language, British did not

D. British system did not achieve objectives French did.

(vii) Which is not a colonial legal institution?


B. Council of Elders

C. Prisons

D. Parliament.

(viii) Which of the following is not a function of colonial legal institutions?

A. Prosecute people

B. Make laws, acts and ordinance

C. Amend laws, acts and ordinances

D. Handle people’s claim.

(ix) Which of the following greatly opposed policy of assimilation?

A. Mandika and Tukolur

B. Kingdom of Dahomey

C. Shona and Ndebele

D. Southern Rhodesia.

2. Match items in List A and with those in List B.
A. Policy associated with French

B. Failure of indirect rule

C. Head of British Colonial Administration

D. Weakened local administration system

E. Imperialist in Southern Rhodesia.

F. Highest post in French administrations.

G. Respected cultures of the ruled

H. Period of 1st World War

I. Had battalion in different colonial areas

J. Legal institution.

  1. LEGCO
  2. 1910 – 1917
  3. Colonial secretary
  4. KAR
  5. 1914 – 1918
  6. Frederick Lugard
  7. Minister for colonies
  8. Governor General
  9. Cecil Rhodes
  10. Association policy
  11. Assimilation policy
  12. One disadvantage of assimilation
  13. 1939 – 1945

3. (a) Give meaning of the following

i. Direct Rule

ii. Indirect Rule

iii. Assimilation

iv. Association.

(b) Explain why British used Indirect Rule in their colonies

4. (a) Discuss the weakness of British indirect Rule in Africa.

(b) Which problem did British encounter in establishing indirect rule in Nigeria?


5. (a) Explain why French used Assimilation policy in her colonies.

(b) What was weakness of French administrative policy?

6. (a) What is colonial military and legal system?

(b) Describe functions of colonial legal institutions

7. Discuss impact of French Administrative policy in Africa.

8. What are differences and similarities between assimilation policy and indirect rule system?

9. Describe the problems the British faced when establishing indirect rule system in Nigeria.

TOPIC : 3 


1. Choose the best alternatives from the choices given below;

(i) Which country is wrongly matched with what it produced?

A. Ghana – Coco

B. Liberia – Rubber

C. Algeria – Cotton

D. Zambia – Copper

(ii) Which one was not a reason for colonial economists in their interest to Africa?

A. Obtain raw materials

B. Spread Christianity

C. Obtain market for their goods

D. Obtain areas for settlement and investments.

(iii) Which was not a method of establishing colonial economy?

A. Preservation method

B. Creation method

. Innovative method

D. Destructive method

(iv)  One of the following factors favored peasant agriculture

A. Climatic conditions

B. Good infrastructure

C. Dense population making it difficult for land alienation.

D. Political strength.

(v) Which was not a feature of plantation agriculture?

A. Large extensive land

B. Mostly owned by foreigners

C. Owners stayed in metropole

D. Mechanization.

vi) Which of these countries was settler economy prominent?

A. Tanzania

B. Nigeria

C. Zambia

D. Egypt.

(vii) Which was not aspect of preservation method used by colonialists?

A. Primitive and crude technology

B. Large – scale production

C. Unit production

D. Pre – colonial relations.

(viii) Which is not characteristic of peasant agriculture?

A. Practiced on small land areas

B. There was no intercropping completely

C. Elementary tools were used.

D. Taxation was imposed.

(ix) Which of the following was not a common colonial industry?

A. Cotton Gingerers

B. Palm oil mills

C. Copper refineries

D. Tyre manufacturing.

(x) One reason why colonialist preferred use of migrant labour was:

A. Were easily available

B. Were good in passing tax.

C. Much more skilled

D. It was cheaper.

2. Matching item questions.
A. Head of British East Africa Company

B. Prominent merchants on lower Niger

C. Commercial specialized crops are grown

D. Played role of middle men in east Africa Trade

E. Shifting labour forces from one place to another.

  1. George Goldie
  2. Karl Peters
  3. Plantation Agriculture
  4. Peasant faming
  5. Labour exchange
  6. Adolf
  7. Jaja of Opodo
  8. Labour migration


3. (a) Define the term colonial economy.

(b) What were objectives of colonial economy in Africa?

4. (a) What were feature of colonial economy.

(b) Identify various sectors of colonial economy which existed in Africa during colonial period.

5. Explain features of each of the following colonial economy sectors.

a)      Settler agriculture

b)     Colonial trade

c)      Colonial industry

d)     Peasant agriculture

e)      Plantation agriculture.


6. (a) Identify nature and pattern of colonial infrastructure in Africa.

(b) Explain why colonial railways and roads were directed towards the coast.

7. What were techniques used to obtain colonial labour

8. Briefly explain the importance of migrant labour.



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