MAJINA WALIOPATA KAZI YA SENSA AUGUST 2022
The Government of the United Republic of Tanzania will conduct a Population and Housing Census in August 2022.
Preparation of the Census is carried out in accordance with Statistics Act CHAPTER 351.
The inauguration took place on 22 May 2021 at the National Statistics Office Grounds located on Jakaya Kikwete Road near the Jakaya Kikwete Revolutionary Party Conference Center in Dodoma.
Advertisements for the launch were broadcast live on National Television – TBC as well as on various social networks starting at 2.30am.
A census is a process of obtaining and maintaining information about a particular population, housing, or institution in a particular country. It is also a regular system of calculating the population.
The census differs from the sampling method where information is obtained from only a small fraction of the population, sometimes as a census estimate. Census data are commonly used for research, marketing, and planning as the best method for sample research.
In some countries, census data is used to divide representations in the national assembly (sometimes controversial – see example Utah v. Evans).
It is widely recognized that population and housing are essential for the planning of any community. Traditional census methods, however, have become more expensive.
The Government of the United Republic of Tanzania plans to conduct a Population and Housing Census by August 2022. The Ministry of Finance and Planning through the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) in collaboration with the Office of the Chief Statistician of Zanzibar (OCGS), is in the process of preparing to conduct the Census.
The Population and Housing Census is a national exercise conducted every 10 years where the last census to be held in the country is the one in 2012.
Thus the Census 2022 will be the Sixth Census to be held in the country after the Union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar in 1964. Census others took place in 1967, 1978, 1988, 2002 and 2012.
Meaning of Population and Housing Census
Population and housing census is a process of collecting, analyzing, evaluating and publishing and disseminating demographic, economic and social data related to all persons and their settlements in a country for a specified period.
In other words, the census is a special exercise aimed at finding the total population in a country, by age and gender, place of residence and status of education, employment status, birth status and mortality and housing status.
These basic data are the ones that can match the real needs of citizens including special groups with special needs for example, people with disabilities, women, children, youth and the elderly thus facilitating the development of policies and development plans according to the need and environment.
Significance of the 2022 Population and Housing Census
The unique significance of the 2022 Population and Housing Census include: –
1. To assist the Government to obtain basic information that will support the process of implementing the Vision for Development 2025, health and social reform, as well as the monitoring of international development agendas;
2. Population information assists in district authorities in the implementation of development plans that reflect the needs of the people at the relevant levels and assist in the balance of resource allocation;
3. Basic information on demographic, socio-economic status of population and housing plans at all levels;
4. Allocation in calculating other indicators eg Individual GDP, GDP, Employment and Unemployment and student enrollment rate;
5. Information that will enable the government to identify population growth, by distribution and other indicators, which are important for environmental management; and
6. The basis of good governance and inclusive democracy. Accurate Census data is needed for the effective allocation of constituencies, adjusting administrative boundaries in local government.
Currently the census preparation has reached the following stages;
1. Prepare a Strategy for the Management and Implementation of the Population and Housing Census for the Year 2022;
2. Allocation of Areas in 5 districts of Dodoma region namely Bahi, Chamwino, Kondoa, and Chemba; and one Singida Regional District (Singida Urban);
3. The work of allocating census sites is underway in Singida region in Manyoni district, Ikungi; and Dodoma region in Mpwapwa and Kongwa districts.
4. Conducting one study tour in Kenya with funding from UNFPA who have recently conducted a digital census and learned the use of modern technology in conducting successful censuses. The use of this technology will help to reduce the cost of conducting a census and reduce the time to issue census results.
5. Prepare a draft Census Questionnaire and other important documents such as instructional guidelines, guidelines for census clerks, guidelines for census supervisors and guidelines for regional and district census coordinators.
Questions to be Asked in the 2022 Census
The 2022 Population and Housing Census has fourteen modules that will be used to collect information on people and their settlements nationwide.
The questions that will be asked will be: –
1. Demographic information (age, gender, relationship, marital status, citizenship, n.k.);
2. Questions about disability;
3. Education Information;
4. Mobility questions, as well as information on Tanzanians living abroad
5. Questions about ownership of national documents (NIDA IDs, Zanzibari resident, birth certificate, passport, and driver’s license)
6. Economic activities
7. Land tenure and ICT information
8. Maternity and Mortality Reports that occurred within the household
9. Maternal mortality
10. State of housing and ownership of various resources
11. Agricultural and livestock issues
12. Social security funds.
Differences between the 2022 Census and previous Censuses: –
In the 2022 census it is expected to have new features such as;
1. Allocate geographical areas of census at the district / local level and access to statistical information at the district / local levels as well as having permanent boundaries at those levels;
2. Use of tablets at all stages of census implementation with the aim of reducing costs;
3. Additional questions that will enable access to more statistical information compared to the 2012 Census: –
4. Demographic information (age at first marriage);
5. Questions about disability (Headache, Spine Spine, Epilepsy / Epilepsy, Mbalanga / storiasis and Autism Spectrum Disorder);
6. Mobility questions in accordance with IOM (International Organization of Migration) recommendations;
7. Questions about ownership of national documents (NIDA IDs, small business IDs, Zanzibar resident, passport, and driver’s license);
8. Improvements in questions of economic activity including the number of households in the informal sector;
9. Land tenure and ICT information
10. Housing statistics (list, ownership status and type of home)
11. Agricultural and livestock issues
The expectation of the Office is to better organize itself using the limited resources available to timely complete all preparatory activities including: –
1. The task of allocating census sites at the local and local level which is the basis for achieving a quality census
2. Preparation of census documents;
3. Establishment of task teams / units for the purpose of sharing responsibilities; and
4. Conducting a pilot Census on 29 August 2021
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