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SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

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SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

Future Simple

The Future Simple tense is often called the “will tense” because we make the Future Simple with the modal auxiliary will.

How do we make the Future Simple tense?

The structure of the Future Simple tense is:

subject + auxiliary will + main verb
invariable base
will V1

For negative sentences in the Future Simple tense, we insert not between the auxiliary verb and main verb. For question sentences, we exchange the subject and auxiliary verb. Look at these example sentences with the Future Simple tense:

subject auxiliary verb main verb
+ I will open the door.
+ You will finish before me.
She will not be at school tomorrow.
We will not leave yet.
? Will you arrive on time?
? Will they want dinner?
We sometimes use shall instead of will, especially for I and we.

Contraction with Future Simple

When we use the Future Simple tense in speaking, we often contract the subject and auxiliary verb:

I will I’ll
you will you’ll
he will
she will
it will
he’ll
she’ll
it’ll
we will we’ll
they will they’ll

In negative sentences, we contract with won’t, like this:

I will not I won’t
you will not you won’t
he will not
she will not
it will not
he won’t
she won’t
it won’t
we will not we won’t
they will not they won’t

SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

How do we use the Future Simple tense?

No Plan

We use the Future Simple tense when there is no plan or decision to do something before we speak. We make the decision spontaneously at the time of speaking. Look at these examples:

Hold on. I‘ll get a pen.

We will see what we can do to help you.

Maybe we‘ll stay in and watch television tonight.

In these examples, we had no firm plan before speaking. The decision is made at the time of speaking.

We often use the Future Simple tense with the verb to think before it:

think I’ll go to the gym tomorrow.

think I will have a holiday next year.

I don’t think I’ll buy that car.

SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

Prediction

We often use the Future Simple tense to make a prediction about the future. Again, there is no firm plan. We are saying what we think will happen. Here are some examples:

It will rain tomorrow.

People won’t go to Jupiter before the 22nd century.

Who do you think will get the job?

Be

When the main verb is be, we can use the Future Simple tense even if we have a firm plan or decision before speaking. Examples:

I‘ll be in London tomorrow.

I’m going shopping. I won’t be very long.

Will you be at work tomorrow?

SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

Future Simple Quiz

You can do this grammar quiz. It tests what you learned on the Future Simple page.

1. He _____ arrive on time.

 will
 is
 not

2. Will your folks _____ before Tuesday?

 leaving
 leave
 leaves

3. We _____ get there until after dark.

 will
 won’t
 will’nt

4. We will _____ what your father says.

 see
 to see
 seeing

SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

5. I don’t ________ go swimming today.

 think I
 think I’ll
 thinking

6. It ________ tomorrow.

 will snow
 snows
 is snowing

7. We won’t ________ until we get there.

 knowing
 have know
 know

8. I ________ back before Friday.

 ‘ll be
 will
 am being

9. Will you _____ at the rehearsal on Saturday?

 go
 be
 have

10. I’m going to the grocery store. I think _____ buy a turkey.

 I’ve
 I’ll
 I’d

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