THE BRANDT REPORT (1980) LDCs POVERTY QUESTION AND ITS OUTCOME
THE BRANDT REPORT
Was a recommendation of the commission to address the LDCs this report was written by independent commission in 1980 chaired by Willy Brandt the former chancellor of Western Germany, the report was international report with aimed to analyze the solution for the problems facing LCDs 1980 – 1987.
The report was up dated in 2001 by James Ovilligan who was a director of the Brandt commission report in 2001. It comprised 36 members from different countries as follows.
(i) Will Brandt (chairman from W. Germany) (ii) Abdala Hatit A. Hammad (from Colombia)
(iii) Rodmingo Botara Montry (from Chile) (iv) Edwardo Frei Mauntalia (Chile) (v) Catherine Gruhman (from USA) (vi) Edward health (from UK) (vii) Amir Jamal (from Tanzania) (viii) Khadija Ahmed (from Malaysia)
THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE REPORT
i. The world economic trend need to be revived whereby the solutions and strategies need to be urgently (important) implemented in order to reduce the growing gap between North (rich) and south (poor).
ii. Cooperation’s between countries should be of mutual interest and there should be a tool to create a change and facilitate worldwide growth.
iii. Emphasis on mutual interest between developed and developing nation to deal with very important issues with threatening human kind must be carried out by the international community.
iv. Reject the view on the role of developed countries to supply to the LDCs for their benefit instead the rich countries must participate themselves to being economic growth of the LDCs.
v. Emphasis should be on fair ground between the poor and the rich. This should be accompanied by granting the South political and economic independence and discourage protectionism with the rich (Northern) use to restrict the South to access the world market this will enable the South (poor) to developed and have the final say in the world market.
vi. Establish society based on international justice which would promote world peace, security and disarmament especially in developing countries so as the world should be a place to live without fear of weapons.
vii. To ensure good environment for political and economic growth in both north and south.
viii. Undertaking actions programs which would include short and long term program for dealing with poverty in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
ix. To end mass hunger, famine and maturation by improving agricultural sector through undertaking agrarizin reforms in order to ensure food security and food should be increased.
x. To control population growth by controlling birthrate especially in LDCs but also refugee’s problem in the LDCs should be also controlled.
xi. Insist on industrialization in order to boost economic development and the development of science and technology especially I the LDCs.
Therefore following those recommendations the Brandt report was received and accepted as a solutions to deal with the LDCs problems, however the gap s till growing and strategies are less adopted due to different reasons in the LDC s like low political will, scarcity of experts, lack of accountability, good governance it’s also the brain drain where LDCs experts are running to look for good pastures in rich nations and fail to development their own nation and it was during the existence of cold war politics.
THE FUNDAMENTAL ISSUES DISCUSSED IN THE BRANDT REPORT COMMISSION –1980
1. Poverty problem (Issue).
This being a crucial issue in the world was still discussed whereby the World Bank estimated that 800 millions of people in the LDCs live under acute poverty, and 40% of the South population are not able to secure basic needs while the economies of the poor nation religion agriculture which also face unfavorable environment and scarcity of market.
2. Health issues.
This also were discussed in Brandt health commission and it was observed that majority of people LDCs are faced with the problem of low life expectancy, poor medical facilities and majority of the people lack safe and clean water.
3. Housing/Settlement issues.
Was also discussed in the Brandt and observed that; there was a great movement of people from rural to urban areas, wide spread of unemployment and â…” of all families in the LDCs are not able to build new houses even cheapest and high birth rate is also common in the LDCs which accelerate to many families to have many people without good housing/settlement.
4. Education issues.
Majority of the people in the LDCs are illiterate which are approximated to be 50% of the population of the LDCs. Although some progresses have been taken by the government of the third world countries to build more schools but the number of attending to schools especial for girls is still low.
5. Women Issues.
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