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The choice of content in their novels is a reflection of what is happening in their societies

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Setting is an important element used by the authors to deliver the message in the society Figures Of Speech Are Used By Novelists To Title Of The Book Titles Of Books Usually Have A Close Relationship Explain how the behaviour of some characters affects the welfare of the majority in the society Analyze bad traits which should not be adopted in Tanzanian context By using Two Characters Analyse the source of conflicts in the two novels that you have studied The authors use conflicts to present different issues in their literary works Like men women are equally capable of contributing to the welfare of the society How the author of two novels you have read deliver their message effectively to the readers The choice of content in their novels

The choice of content in their novels is a reflection of what is happening in their societies

The Novelists’ choice of content in their novels is a reflection of what is happening in their societies. Using two novels you have studied under this programme support this view by giving three points from each.

A novel is a fiction, narrative writing based of social reality. Many authors analyse their societies before writing their literary works. It is true that the novelists’ choice of content in their novels is a reflection of what is happening in their societies because they present issues that are really occurred in the society. This can be verified using two novels “PASSED LIKE A SHADOW” by Benard Mapalala and “UNANSWERED CRIES” by Osman Cotehn.

Starting with novel PASSED LIKE A SHADOW the author has presented the following issues that are happening in the societies.

The issue of drunkenness, Drunkenness in the action of using alcohol and other recreational drinks which injurious to someone health. This shown by Adyeri in novel when he arrived home while drunkard and he spends a lot of money to get alcohol and become drunkard.

This is reflect with what is happening in the society we have witnessed many people neglected their family, and become irresponsible because of alcoholism. The spend most of the time at bar lost a lot of money for drinking alcohol and leave their family suffer.

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Passed Like A Shadow

Also, the issue of Raping, This is the practice of doing unwilling sex with someone. In the novel the author has shown raping John rapes Abooki because she was not willing to have sex with him hence john puts drugs which causes a sleep to Abooki so as to fulfill his will. This issue is reflecting what is happening in the society.

Currently, we seen many cases people are sent to the court and others are imprisoned because of raping. This should be abolished because it has negative impacts such as spreading of HIV/AIDS.

Prostitution is another issue shown by the author. Prostitution is the commercial sex whereby people sell their bodies for the purpose of getting money. In most cases prostitution is mostly influenced by poverty and peer pressure. From the book we see Vicky, Tusiime and Kunihira engaged in prostitution due to poverty and peer pressure.

In our societies this is more common most of girls sells their bodies so as to get money for their basic needs such as food, clothes and shelter. Therefore, it is true that the novelists’ choice of content reflects what is happening in their societies.

In the novel UNANSWERED CRIES the author has shown the following issues that reflect what is happening in the society.

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The issues of Betrayal and corruption, this is the act of going against the agreement. In the novel betrayal is seen when Pa Amadu given a task by Makalay to look for Olabisi in which case he would be given a goat if he succeeded to find her. Unfortunately, he finds her and receives some money from her and helps her to escape.

In our societies we have witnessed many betrayals. Politicians betray their citizens, husbands betray their wives and wives betray their husband. Therefore, it is true that the content of the authors reflect with what is happening in the society.

Fornication has shown by the author, this is the practice of having sex before marriage. From the book, the author has shown that Olabisi and Eddy have engaged in pre-marital sex more than once. In our societies there are people especially youths who are practicing this before marriage.

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We are all witnessing how young having sex with their boyfriends and girlfriends. So it is true that the choice of content of novelists reflect with what is happening in our society.

The problem of Superstition belief, this is the act of believing in the power of spirits and ancestors. In the novel superstition is shown by Makalay where she believes in the power of spirits. She trusts the spirits would make her childbirth difficult if she doesn’t obey them.

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That’s why we see her humbly submitting herself to the fate of the spirits by saying ‘whatever the spirits say I will do’’ and ‘don’t say that. Please! I’m pregnant. This is so common in our societies we are seeing politicians are visiting to witchdoctors to hold their position, couples visit witchdoctor to get a baby. Therefore, it is true that novelists reflect their content to what is happening in the society.

Conclusively, in Tanzania there are many bad traits that have been in place due to globalization. Therefore, the authors use their writings to create characters who will reveal and expose those bad traits that should be not adopted in Tanzania.

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