TOPIC 1: COMPREHEND ORAL AND WRITTEN INFORMATION – ENGLISH Primary School Notes Standard Seven
1.1 Listen and comprehend information presented orally
(a) Listen to oral sentences, identify single word coordinators and use in different situations
They are used to express relationship between ideas in a sentences. Example:
- In fact
- In short
- I must leave now, or else I will be
- We tried to convince her but she would not
- Arusha is a good city despite its
- Peter seems to be clever nevertheless he often gets low
- You are late again and you have not brought your
- Ndunguru is a good teacher, hence he is highly respected.
- He has been studying for a long time thus he has made some
- They will be here soon, meanwhile let us
Fill in the blanks with suitable coordinator by choosing the rights one from the box below.
But, However, And then, Although, Namely, Otherwise, Meanwhile
- There are no more food left but there are plenty of
- I would like to talk to you I know you are
- Wash the potatoes first you can boil
- The teacher is not here yet, let us read our
- There is one topic to discuss, the issue of
(b) Listen to oral stories to identify multi – word coordination and use them correctly in oral sentences in various contexts.
These are words that coordinate ideas in a sentence.
Examples of coordinates
- Either ….. or
- Both…….. and
- Neither …… nor
- Not only …… but also
- So …… that
Either …… or Examples
- We play either football or
- Either you or Juma will go to
- She is either Kenyan or
Neither ….. nor Examples
- We shall neither play nor study
- Pupils can have neither juice nor
- Neither Matonya nor Magalu is a good
Both……. and Examples
- Both Peter and Anold went to school
- She is both a managers and an
- We are going to buy both a car and a
Not only …… but also Examples
- Bertha is not beautiful but also
- He not only sings but also plays a
- I not only teach English but also
So …… that Examples
- Mary is so weak that she can’t carry her
- It was so hot that we could not stay in the
- He is so tall that he cannot bend
Join the following sentences using the coordination given.
- Kabwili is a Kabwili is a footballer (Join the sentences using both ….. and)
Answer: Kabwili is both a musician and a footballer.
- We don’t like We don’t like oranges. (Join the sentences using neither ….. nor) Answer: We like neither mangoes nor orange.
- The president is The president is kind. (Join the sentences using not only ….. but also)
Answer: The president is not only active but also kind.
- Khalifa was very We could not recognize Khalifa (Join the sentences using so ….. that)
Answer: Khalifa was so smart that we could not recognize him.
- She is taking a plate. She is taking a knife. (Join the sentences using either ….. or) Answer: She is either taking a plate or a
(c) Listen to dialogue, identify expressions used to seek confirmation, answer questions correctly and use communicative situation.
Below is a dialogue between Neema and John. Your teacher is going read it for you and you will answer questions asked.
Neema: Ooh John, how are you?
John: I am fine Neema, nice to see you once again.
Neema: I am also glad that I have met you John.
Neema: I heard that you and your family shifted to Mwanza, is it true?
John: It is true we shifted to Mwanza after the transfer of our father by the Company he is working with.
Neema: Nice to hear that John. I suppose you like Mwanza, don’t you?
John: Yes, I do
John: Will you like to come to Mwanza one day?
Neema: Yes of course, why not. I hear that the city is so nice.
John: When you go there you will find people who are very kind. Not only that the city is also full of different kind of foods
Neema: The mention of food has made my stomach shiver John as you know I like fish very much.
John: Yes Neema, Mwanza is blessed with different kinds of fish from lake Victoria.
Neema: There you are John: I will talk to my Parents that they also talk to your parents and make arrangements of us going there in the coming holiday.
John: I am certain my parents will not have any objection to the idea. We will be happy to receive you there.
Neema: Thank you John for your kindness. I suppose you’re not staying in Dar es salaam for long.
John: Yes, I will be here in Dar es salaam for one week then I will go back to Mwanza.
Neema: Nice to meet you John. We shall get in touch soon.
John: Okay Neema, I am looking forward to seeing you in Mwanza.
Neema: Thank you John, bye
John: Bye Neema.
A question tag is a statement which is followed by a short question. They are used to seek confirmation or information of what we say.
Rules of Question Tags
- If the statements is positive the question tag should be negative
You are Amos, aren’t you?
- If the statement is negative, the question tag should be positive
You are not Amos, are you?
- The tense of the tag should correspond to tense of the
Peter went to Kariakoo, didn’t he?
- The auxiliary verb is repeated in the question tag
– They should play here, shouldn’t they?
Put questions tag in the following sentences.
- We can’t finish this work ?
- Amina did not write English ?
- He is coming today ?
- My father will sign a song ?
- I like dancing ?
- You were not there? ?
1:2 Read and comprehend written information
(a) Read written texts with expressions used to seek confirmation with correct pronunciation, answer question and use the expressions correctly in different communicative situations.
HARD WORKING PAYS
Isaac was a boy who was studying at Iyunga primary school in Rukwa region. His parents were just normal farmer at the village of Iyunga. When Isaac reached seven years old, his parents enrolled him at Iyunga primary school in standard one.
He was very happy to be one of the pupils of Iyunga primary school since he liked studying. From the very beginning of his studying Isaac proved to be the very hardworking boy. He used to listen carefully to whatever his teacher told them.
That spirit made him to be the first in each examination done at school. Isaac was not only hardworking boy at school but also at home. Whatever duty given by his parents he would do it diligently and tirelessly.
When Isaac was in standard seven, one day they got a visitor at their school. The visitor was the educational officer of Rukwa region. Mr. Sungura. He was received in the office by the head teacher Mrs. Lwambano. After their conversion in the office they later went to the classroom of standard seven. They greeted them happily and were told to get seated.
“Today we have a visitor, he is the regional educational officer. His name is Mr. Sungura. He has some things to tell you today, so listen to him attractively. The head teacher said to the pupils.
He then turned to the guest and said “Sir, these pupils you see them here are the pupils of standard seven. They are to listen to you. You are welcome sir”
The regional educational officer, a tall slander and dark looked at the pupils and smiled. “Good morning dear pupils once again. As you have been told by you head teacher I am the educational officer of Rukwa Region. I am here today to give you good news” He looked from left to right continued, “The government of China with the collaboration of the government of Tanzania need five best pupils from each region in Tanzania to go and secondary education in China”
The room was quit for a while. The news of scholarship to China made everybody in the room shiver with excitement. “The good thing in your school is among the best five pupils in our
region, one pupil comes from this school. The name of the pupils is Isaac Mwakatobe”
Although everybody known that Isaac was the best pupil, but the idea that this quiet small boy is going to China for further studies shocked everybody even the head teacher Isaac himself sat there not believing what was happening. But that was the truth. The educational officer then
concluded “We are doing all the arrangements so that our boy Isaac with other four pupils travel to China and start secondary education next year. Let me congratulate Isaac on his success. I wish you all best in your further studies and this is a lesion to all pupils. Thank you very much”
Everybody in the village was very happy. The joy of Isaac’s parents could not be measured. They were very proud of their son and thanked God for the special grace granted to them.
- In which school Isaac was studying?
Answer: Iyunga primary school
- At which age did Isaac join standard one?
Answer: Seven years old
- What kind of a boy was Isaac?
Answer: Very hard working or king
- What was the work of Isaac’s parents
- Who was the visitor who visited Iyunga primary school?
Answer: The Rukwa educational officer.
- Where was Isaac and the other four pupils were supposed to go for further studies?
Answer: To china
- Which lesson do we learn from this story?
Answer: To study hard
A picture of Isaac, head teacher and the regional education officer
(b) Read simple and complex stories, identify and use expressions for seeking confirmation and answer questions correctly in different contexts.
Serengeti Boys Oral questions:
- Do you sometimes watch football matches?
- Who is your favorite player in Tanzania?
- Do you know the name of the senior national team?
- What is the name of the junior national team?
- Defender – a person who defends strikers of opponent team from
- Striker – a person who scores in
- Fans – people who support players by cheering
- Stadium – a large structure with no roof where people can sit and watch
- Referee – a person who decides in a game
- Champion – overall winners
- Score – to put a ball into a net
- Penalty – a punishment for a team after committing a
- Cheer – to encourage somebody in sport
- Calm – to
- Substitute – exchange a player with another player in sport
My name is Agnes. Mapunda. I live at Kihonda in Morogoro town. we are three children in Mapunda’s family. The first born child is called Thomas, although we like calling him Thom. The second child is me, and the last born is called James.
Our father is a policeman and our mother whose name is Martha is a nurse at Kichangani health centre here in Morogoro. It is a happy family because we love one another. whenever there is a problem, we try to solve it calmly. Thomas is in form two at Forest secondary school. I am in standard seven and my young brother James is in standard five. we both go to Mapinduzi Primary school.
Thomas and James play football. They play at school and also have teams here in our neighborhood. James team is called Kihonda kids while Thomas team is called Wanyama FC. We are also told that our father when he was young used to play football very well. I also play net ball at school although I also like watching football matches here at Kihonda or on the television.
Thomas is among the best players here in Morogoro. Due to his hardworking in soccer, last year he got a chance to join the junior national team which is known as Serengeti boys. It compromises players who are under seventeen from different areas in our country.
Last year Serengeti boys got a chance to participate in a tournament in Rwanda. The other countries that also participated were Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Uganda, and Ethiopia. My brother Thomas was among the players of Serengeti boys who went to Rwanda for the tournament. We were all happy to see one of our family member joining the national team. Even students and teachers of forest secondary school were very happy for Thomas achievement.
One month before the tournament, all players from different parts of Tanzania were asked to travel to Dar es Salaam for camp. Thomas did all the necessary preparations and on the day for him to travel to Dar es Salaam, we as family members, some teachers and some of the players of Wanyama escorted him to the bus station. We wished him good lucky. Around 9:30 am, Thomas boarded the bus and left for Dar es Salaam.
We went back home and continued with the normal life routine while Thomas continued exercising with his fellow players in their camp in Dar es Salaam. After one month Serengeti Boys squad left for Rwanda for the tournament. He called us and told us everything since day one up the day of starting the competition. Since the matches were shown on the television it was a good chance for us to watch all matches up to the finals.
There were two groups A and B. Group A comprised of Uganda, Rwanda and Kenya. Group B compromised of Tanzania, Ethiopia and Burundi. Serengeti boys team succeeded reaching finals
after ousting Ethiopia in the semifinals. so in the finals Tanzania collided with Uganda who ousted Kenya, in the semi – finals.
On the day of finals, we were all restless wondering if the boys could beat the Ugandans and take the trophy. The match was supposed to kick off at 04:00 pm. When it reached 03:00 the Azam TV sports channel started broadcasting the events before the starting of the match. Fans of both teams were singing and dancing. around 03:40 pm. East African time, the names of both teams
were shown in the side of Tanzanian squad, I could not see my brother’s name. I started feeling bad but my father calmed me down and told me that was the coach’s game plan. so it was not good for us starting complaining.
At around 04:00 pm sharp the game started. Both teams were very keen to defend and attack the opponent. I can say the game was fifty-fifty. However at 04:42 pm three minutes before half time, Ugandan team got a goal through dangerous striker known as Peter Olunga. The goal almost killed me. I became sad and angry seeing our team lose the game and the trophy. at 04:45 pm,
the team went for break.
In the second half the game became unpredictable since both teams played well and carefully. around the 60 minutes of the game the Serengeti boys coach Shabani Mgunda did some changes. he substituted two players a defender and a striker. Thomas being the striker playing number nine was given a chance to replace the other number nine player called Alfred. Few Tanzanian fans in the stadium cheered for him. hence at home in our sitting room everybody was quite waiting to see how the game would end up.
In the 72 minutes of the game, Thomas Mapunda may brother made Tanzanians erupt with joy and excitement after scoring a very technical goal. The ball started from the holding midfielder known as Samweli Njwaka who passed to the right winger called Bakari Athumani. Bakari made a very good cross where Thomas met the ball with the free header and landed the ball into the net.
Everybody in the room jumped and started shouting with joy. My father carried me up while shouting and told me that the boys are going to win the game. The game started again and that made everybody in the sitting room go back to one’s seat and continued watching the game even before we could settle on our seats, Thomas again made Tanzanians almost lose control after lending the ball once again in to the net by a strong kick after receiving the ball from the midfielder called Julius Mahongo.
Fans were shouting “Tom, Tom, Tom” some were dancing, others were drumming and singing and there were even others who removed their shirts and T – shirts and ran around. like crazy people. it was time for Tanzanians to rejoice. in the 90 minutes of the game, the referee blew the whistle to end up the game. we were all happy by becoming the new champions of East and central zone.
- How many children are in Mapunda’s family?
Answer: Three children
- what is the name of Agnes and James’ school?
Answer: Mapinduzi primary school
- In which team does Thomas play?
Answer: Wanyama FC.
- What is the name of the team comprising players under seventeen years old?
Answer: Serengeti boys.
- Who did score the two goals for the Serengeti boys national team?
- Which TV station broadcast the tournament?
Answer: Azam TV
A picture of football players on the ground
Language Practice Collective Nouns
Look at the following examples:
- An army of solders
- A band of musicians
- A choir of singers
- A crew of sailors
- A flock of sheep
- A gang of thieves / bandits
- A bale of cotton
- A banquet of flowers
- A chest of drawers
- A littler of pups
- A pride of lion
- A swarm of insects
- A troop of baboons
- A library of books
- A party of friends
Complete the following collective nouns:
- A of monkeys
- A cubs
- A of soda
- A of cattle
- A of stars
- A of rabbits
- A of birds
- A of locusts
- A of cotton
- A of wolves
(c) Read different texts skin for all general ideas and write a guided summary using expression for seeking confirmation correctly.
Ngoni people you see today, came to East Africa many years ago from South Africa. They belonged to the ethnic group known as Ngoni speaking people. The eruption of civil fighting in South Africa made the move northwards up to central and East Africa.
They moved in different groups where as some settled in Nyasaland (Malawi), some went to Rukwa region and some settled in Ruvuma region. They were led by many leaders. Examples of their leaders were Mputa Maseko, Zulu Gema and Zwangendamba.
Ngoni’s movement to East Africa had impacts to the society East Africa. First they took many cattle from indigenous people. They also introduced new techniques of fighting. Apart from that they introduced new weapons. They came with the short stabbing spears.
The chief of Nyamwezi, chief Mirambo grew up among the Ngoni. When he became the chief of Nyamwezi he was so feared in fighting because he copied the Ngoni techniques of fighting.
Summarize the above passage in not more than thirty words:
- Erupt – Start
- Settle – To put yourself in a comfortable
- Impact – The outcome of
- Weapon – An object for
- Technique – A skill of doing
- Chief – A leader among
(d) Read simple and complex selected class library and class readers.
Never Give Up
- Is there any famous mountains in your regions?
- Have ever heard about Mount Kilimanjaro?
- What is the work of the tour guide?
- Do you think tourists are important to our country? Why?
NEVER GIVE UP
Tesha was a boy who grew up in Rombo in Kilimanjaro region in a village called Masiku. He went to Tarakea primary school. He passed well and was selected to join Tarakea Secondary school.
Since he liked studying he worked very hard to achieve his goal of reaching university. His parents Mr. and Mrs. Kimario supported him very much in his education. whatever he needed was given. His teachers also liked him very much and gave him all the support he needed.
Being the first born in his family, Tesha tried to help his two young brothers and one young sister in their studies. In the evening the would call them and assist them with the school work or sometimes give them counselling regarding their life. They did not rely on their parents only but also their brother Tesha.
When Tesha was in form four something bad happened in their family. Mr and Mrs. Kimario were travelling to Arusha when they got a very bad accident. Their car collided face to face with a lorry. They both died on spot, their bodies were taken to Arumeru hospital and were kept in the mortuary.
When the news reached home it was a shock to everyone. Tesha and his young brothers and young sister could not bear the information they received. Tesha fainted three times before he was also rushed to hospital for bed rest and counseling
After the burial ceremony, all relatives dispersed, leaving the Kimario children on their own. One evening Tesha called his brothers and sister. They sat in a sitting room all remembering their parents care and love. Their young sisters started subbing. Tesha went close to her sister and started counseling her “Don’t worry dear, everything will be okay. I am here with you and I promise I will take care of you. “How can you help us brother while yourself don’t have any
income” she said.
“My dear sister, God loves us. He will make a way where there is no way. He is the God who can do all the impossibilities. What we are supposed to do is just believe in him” He said and patted her sister gently.
Days passed and Tesha succeeded in sitting for his form four national examination. When the results came out he passed very well. He got division one point twelve. He was selected to join Ilboru secondary school, the special school for gifted students. However he could not make if for Iliboru since he was short of money to buy the necessary requirements for joining the school.
Moreover his brothers and sisters had no body to take care of them. Their relatives did not do anything to help them. besides there were some who wanted even to sell their house.
Tesha decided to travel to Arusha to seek for a job so that he could get some income to assist his brothers and sisters. “My brothers and sister next week I am leaving for Arusha to look for a job, I can’t go to school because there is no one who can take care of you so please so be patient and everything will be okay. Let us trust our almight God, he will do miracles to our lives since he is the God of miracles”. he said and looked at them.
Vicent, the youngest brother looked at him and said” We do understand the situation that face us. we agree to your decision of going to Arusha to look for a job. we are going to pray for you so that God may lead you well and succeed to whatever you want. All the best brother.
After one week Tesha left for Arusha. In the beginning he faced some challenges on how to adopt the environment of the new place. However slowly he started getting used to the new environment. He got some friends who liked him because of his good behaviour. Bruno was among his new friends who really helped him. Bruno was tour guide who used to guide tourist from Arusha to Kilimanjaro for the aim of climbing Mount Kilimanjaro the highest mountain in Africa.
So Bruno started teaching Tesha on how to become a good tour guide. Since Tesha had good education plus his knowledge in English language, it was easy for him to learn on how to do the job.
So the job was to guide the tourist from Arusha to Kilimanjaro from there they could assist them to climb Mount Kilimanjaro. After one year Tesha became very famous. The money he got from his work assisted himself and some was sent to his brothers and sisters who were still studying.
Life became good again. Despite losing their parents they could manage themselves in almost everything.
During Christmas holidays, Tesha would go back to Rombo and spend some few days with his brothers and sister. They would enjoy by eating, drinking and chatting together. After that he would go back to Arusha to continue with his work. Life went like that for some years before one day when God did a miracle to Tesha.
It was one day in February when Tesha received a tourist from England. Her name was Cathy. She got very good reception from the tour guides one being Tesha. So she came to like him very much. Cathy started enquiring Tesha about his life. She came to learn about his failure to continue with his higher education. She was very sorry for him and decided to help him.
Catty sat down with Tesha and agreed that Tesha would go back to school to continue with higher educational. So he got chance to join at Upendo high school where he would study form five and six. Since he had passed well in form four he had no problem in joining the school which is among the best schools in Tanzania.
Tesha’s young brothers and sisters were also assisted with their education. Cathy also assisted them with all home requirements like food, clothes and treatment of diseases. So Tesha was busy studying since there was nothing to worry about his brothers and sister.
After two years of studying Tesha sat for the advanced level examination. He passed with flying colours. Everybody was happy with him including his sponsor Cathy. So Tesha join the University of Dar es salaam and studied law. Today Tesha is an Advocate in the attorney General’s office. His young brother who called Peter is a doctor at Muhimbili hospital. The other young brother Vicent is a teacher at Huruma primary school and their young sister Rehem is a business woman in Moshi town. They all thanks God for what he has done to them.
Picture of Tesha guiding tourists
- Relay – depend
- Collide – meet face to face
- Sob – cry
- Income – the amount one gets
- Assist – help
- Miracle – wonderful thing believed to be done by God
- Gift – present
- Requirements – something you need
- Reception – to welcome someone
- Guide – a person who shows tourists
- Tourists – a person who goes somewhere for leisure
- Sponsor – a person who helps somebody to complete a certain activity education.
- Where was Tesha living?
Answer: In Rombo
- In which school was Tesha selected after passing standard seven national examination?
Answer: Tarakea secondary
- What was the name of the youngest brother?
- Where did Tesha go to do the work?
Answer: To Arusha
- Who did support Tesha for his higher education?
- Who did support Tesha for his higher education?
Answer: Business Woman
1:3 Develop vocabulary through listening and reading
(a) Listen and recite poems, identify and use figures of speech correctly in sentences.
Poetry is the way of expressing feelings and ideas using language characterized rhythmical sounds.
A poem is a piece of writing in a verse form.
A poet is a person who composes poems.
A person is a person who speaks in a poem.
Terminologies Used in Poetry
- A verse: Is a line in a poem
- A stanza: Is the arrangement of verses in a poem
- Imagery: Is the language that stimulates feeling
- Rhyme: These are similar sounds at the end of consecutive lines
- Today is may
- We are on the way
- This way and that way
- The use of the same consonants sounds at the beginning of words in a
- The use of the same consonants sounds at the beginning of words in a
Feel free friend Fredy.
Example of a poem.
MY FRIEND EDUCATION
Day and night I look for you
Walking and running towards your direction From dawn to sun set
I am eager to grab you
My friends have surrounded
They have run away to other master But i still hang to your side
I vow to fight hard Till the end of time
The knowledge I get from you Gives me strength and power
To conquer this world and its dwellers
- What is the poem about?
Answer: The poem is about a person who fights for education.
- What is the persona looking for?
Answer: Looking for knowledge.
- Who have run to the other masters?
Answer: Persona’s friends.
- What does the persona get from education?
- How many verses are there in this poem?
Answer: Twelve verses
- How many stanzas are in this this poem?
- What do we learn from the poem?
Answer: To study hard
(b) Read texts and find the meaning of words by using dictionary and use words correctly.
THE FATHER OF OUR NATION
He is known as Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere. We address him as Mwalimu because he was once a teacher and preferred to be addressed that way.
Mwalimu Nyerere was born in 1922 in Butiama in Mara region being the son of the chief, he was able to get educational to the university level. During that time few Africans got chance to pursue with high higher education. Colonialists did not want many Africans to get good education fearing that they might turn against them in future.
After the completion of middle school, Mwalimu Nyerere was selected to join Tabora high school. From Tabora he joined Makerere University in Uganda later he went to study in England.
In 1952, he started teaching at St Francis college (Pugu secondary school) in 1953, he joined TAA (Tanganyika African Association) and became the president. In 1954 TAA changed its name and become TANU (Tanganyika African National Union)
Mwalimu Nyerere continued to be the leader of TANU even after the independence of Tanganyika in 1961. In 1962 when Tanganyika became republic Mwalimu Nyerere became the first president.
On 26th of April, 1964, Tanganyika and Zanzibar united to form the united republic of Tanzania. Mwalimu Nyerere became the first president and Mfaume Kawawa became the first prime minister.
In 1985, he resigned from the office and was succeeded by Alli Hassan Mwinyi. On October 1999, Mwalimu Nyerere passed away leaving Tanzanians in great sorrow. We still address him as the father of nation because of what he has done to our nation.
Write the meaning of the following vocabulary.
- Address: To use a particular name to call someone
- Succeed: To achieve what one wants
- Select: To choose somebody
- Join: To become a member of an organization or group
- Prefer: To choose something rather than something else
- Resign: To leave your job or position
- Pursue: Continue
- Sorrow: Feeling sad
(c) Read texts to identify and use words with similar spellings but different meanings (homographs)
Homographs are words that have similar spelling but with different meanings.
- Rest against something
- Bend forward
- Front of a ship
- Start off in front
- Miss out
- A part of a plant
- Move from one place to another
- Horizontal woman
- Unmarried women
Write a word similar in meaning of the underline word.
I can’t bear with her behaviour (give birth, tolerate)
Juma objected to my suggestion (refused, laughed)
They are going to tear the book (cut to pieces, shout)
She lied on the mat (walk, sleep)
The train was moving fast (transport, teaching)
Don’t lean against the wall (thin, rest against)