TOPIC 2: COMMUNICATE ORALLY AND IN WRITING – ENGLISH Primary School Notes Standard Seven
(a) Role play a chosen dialogue with prepositions of movement
Read at the following dialogue between Paschal and David and identify the prepositions used.
Paschal: Ooh David, how are you?
David: I am doing fine friend, where are you heading? Paschal: I am going to Mbagala to visit may aunt David: Are you going alone?
Paschal: No my friend, I am going with my sister. She is going to meet me soon Pascal: Tell me David, I heard about Moses’ problem.
David: Sure Paschal, Moses was suffering from cancer. It made him stay in bed for six months. Paschal: I am sorry for him. How is he now?
David: He recovered from his sickness and he is back to work. Paschal: Nice to hear that
David: Do you have any news of Janepher the sister of John?
Paschal: I’m sorry to tell you this Janepher is no more. She passed away last year. David: What a tragedy to the family. What happened?
Paschal: She died of Tuberculosis the family has lost a very important person. David: That is true man. But we thank God for everything.
Paschal: That is true. Okay David let me leave you. My sister will be waiting for me. David: Thank you Paschal, see you next time.
Paschal: See you.
Write down sentences with preposition from the dialogue above number one is an example.
- She died of tuberculosis.
Preposition are words that are placed before nouns or pronouns and show relationship between nouns and pronouns.
- Absent – from
- Absorbed – in
- Accused – of
- Addicted – to
- Adjacent – to
- Agree – to (something)
- Agree – with (people)
- Bank – on
- Believe – in
- Bear – with
- Beware – of
- Break – into
- Busy – with
- Comply – with
- Cure – of
- Charged – with
- Congratulate – on
- Deal – in (things)
- Deal – with (people)
- Insist – on
- Live – at (small area)
- Live – in (big area)
- Meddle – with
- Meddle – with
- Part – from
- Prefer – to
- Relay – on
- Repent – of
- Regard – for
- Suffer – from
- Wait – for
- Write – in (ink)
- Write – to (somebody)
Examples of sentences:
- We agreed to his
- She agreed with him
- Peter does not relay on them
- Bandits break into their house
- They are charged with theft
- Matonya is addicted to drugs
- I need to comply with the school rules
- Rehema prefers juice to milk
- My father wrote a letter in ink
- Many pupils were absent from school yesterday
Fill in the blanks with the correct preposition
- Joshua boasted his
- She was accused taking bribe from the
- They were cure their
- We live
- She appeared be the
- Every Tanzanian citizen must abide
(b) Role play the chosen dialogue showing directions by using cardinal points.
Regions of Tanzania
Below is the dialogue between teacher Patrick and some of the standard seven pupils on the directions of their regions.
Teacher: Good morning pupils
Pupils: Good morning sir, how are you? Teacher: I am a fine
Teacher: Today I want to know the regions you come from but it will not be all of you. I am going to ask some of you to tell us the regions you come from.
Joyce: That is a very good idea sir, It will be nice to know the regions some of us come from. Peter: That is true sir.
Teacher: Okay, since you seem to like the idea, I am going to start asking you. But Once you mention the region you come from we would also like to know the direction of your region.
Anna: Please sir, some of us may not know exactly the direction of our regions.
Teacher: Don’t worry, once you mention the region you come from, we as a class will try to give the direction of that particular region.
Bakari: That will be good Sir
Teacher: Okay let me start asking you. I am going to start with Omary. Please Omary what is your region?
Omary: Thank you sir, The region where my father come from is Mbeya. But my mother comes from Kilimanjaro.
Teacher: Very good, so class we have Mbeya and Kilimanjaro. Who can give us the direction of Mbeya?
Diane: The region of Mbeya is located in the South West. Diane: The region of Mbeya is located in the South West.
Teacher: Good Diana, you are correct. Class, what about Kilimanjaro? Peter: Kilimanjaro is found in the Western part of Tanzania.
Teacher: Who can comment on Peter’s answer class?
Debora: Thank you sir. Kilimanjaro is not in the Western part of Tanzania. It is in the Northern part of Tanzania.
Teacher: Clap hands for Debora class. Yes Kilimanjaro is in the Northern part of our Country.
Teacher: Dear pupil’s, I wanted very much to continue with our conversation but my time is over. I promise the next lesson we shall continue. See next time.
Pupils: See you sir.
A map of Tanzania showing regions
(c) Role play the chosen dialogue with words that show direction (left, right, centre, straight, forward backward).
Below is the conversation between Elikunda and Mawazo. Elikunda who is in Mwanza plans to travel to Mbeya to meet his friend Mawazo. Mawazo tries to give direction of his shop at Mwanjelwa market.
Mawazo: Hallow, I can hear you Elikunda. Elikunda: Hallow man, how are you?
Mawazo: Ooh I am just fine. How is Mwanza?
Elikunda: Mwanza is cool, I can’t complain at all. I think you remember my trip to Mbeya. Mawazo: How can I forget my friend. You said it will be the day after tomorrow, didn’t you?
Elikunda: There you are man. Since it is my first time to come to Mbeya please would you mind to give me the direction of your shop?
Mawazo; Worry not, I will try at my level best to direction you my friend. Elikunda: Thank you man, I am listening as you know my memory is very active.
Mawazo: Okay, the bus you will board will end up at the bus station known as RRM. From there you will board a Commuter bus going to Soko Matola. You will drop at the bus stand called Mwanjelwa.
Elikunda: Ooh I remember that name Mwanjelwa. You have been mentioning it now and them.
Mawazo: Yes, it is very famous from there you are going to cross the road and move up to the service road which is in the other side. From there turn to your left and follow the service road up the place where there is another road to the right. Turn right and follow it. You will move until you find another rough road to the left. Turn to the left and follow it. After 100 metres it will come to an end. You will stop there. Look at your right side. You will see a very big shop, you
will see big red letters read “MAWAZO SHOP” that is the place you will find me. Elikunda: Will I Manage to reach there my friend?
Mawazo: You will manage Elikunda. Wish all the best in your trip Elikunda: Thank you very much Mawazo. You will see me there. Bye. Mawazo: Bye.
- Who is living in Mwanza? Answer: Elikunda
- Where does Mawazo live? Answer: In Mbeya
- Since Elikunda does not know the place where Mawazo works, how can he reach the place? Answer: By the direction given by Mawazo
- When is Elikunda travelling to Mbeya? Answer: The day after tomorrow
- Which means of communication wereElikunda and Mawazo using to communicate? Answer: Telephone.
- If you are asked to go to Mawazo’s shop, do you think you can reach without any problem? Answer: I will reach there following Mawazo’s direction.
1.1 Communicate Simple Ideas Through Writing
(a) Use relative correlative conjunctions to express results in sentences and in guided composition.
Correlative conjunctions are words that are always in pairs and they join grammatically equal elements or ideas example nouns and nouns, adjectives and adjectives etc.
- Not only – but also
- Not – but
- Whether – or
- Both – and
- Neither – nor
- Either – or
- Enough – to
- No sooner – than
- So – that
- Hardly – when
- Prefer – to
- As – as
- Scarcely – when
Whether ……. Or Examples
- We are not sure if whether they will finish the work or not
- Marry has to go to Zanzibar whether she likes or
Not …… But Examples
- Yusuph did not come home but he went straight to Gongo la mboto
- The driver we expected was not James but
Enough ….. To Examples
- Anyosisye is clever enough to pass the
- They are not wise enough to manage the
- I prefer running to
- Catherine prefers biscuits to
As …. As Examples
- Janepher is as wise as her mother
- He is not as strong as I expected
No Sooner … Than Examples
- No sooner had James drunk his water, than his mother called
- No sooner had teacher Mwakatobe taught us English, than the guest of honour arrived
Fill in the blanks with the correct conjunction.
- She neither plays football
- He is not wise
- My sister is as tall my
- had Patrick gone home,
- She is a teacher and a
- We have to get it whether here
(b) Identify and use correlative conjunctions to express results from written texts.
MSAFIRI THE MECHANIC
Msafiri is a very famous mechanic. He has a big garage at a place called Mzonge in Songea Municipal. Before he opened his own garage, he used to work in somebody’s garage.
Msafiri is not only a good mechanic but also a good driver. After mending people’s cars he has to test them by driving. People like him, they say he is as wise as his late father Mr. Njiku.
When one goes to Songea one must know Msafiri whether one likes or not. This is because of his good services to people of Songea.
One day I sent my car to his garage to be repaired. Then I went back to the office I am working. No sooner had I settled in the office, then Msafiri called me. He told me that my car was already repaired so I could go and pick it. Since he is a good driver, I asked him to drive it himself to my office. He agreed and brought it.
Because of his good services, many people prefer sending their cars to Msafiri’s garage to other garages. This is why he has become a popular person in Songea.
From the passage above, identify the sentences with correlative conjunctions and write them in your exercise books. Number has been written as an example.
- Msafiri is not only a good mechanic but also a good driver. 2.
(c) Write controlled guided compositions correctly using possessive pronouns to talk about family relationships.
In our family we are five people. My father, my mother and we three children. The first born child is called Jesca, the second born child is called Prisca and I am third and last born. My name is Brown.
Our father Mr. Mwita is a business man. Our mother is a secretary. She works in the prime minister office. Her name is Debora.
Jesca our elder sister studies at the university of Dodoma. She is doing Bachelor in Education. Prisca is in form five at Shaban Robert high school. I am in standard seven at Sky Primary school.
During weekdays, our home is almost deserted because we all leave at dawn and come back in the evening or at night. But during weekends we are at home except our father who goes to his shop almost every day.
It is a good family and I pray to God that he blesses it so that we all family members can prosper in whatever we do.
Choose the correct answer from the questions given below.
- There are people in the writer’s
- Mwita is a
- Business man
- Our mother is called
- During weekdays our home is
- Full of people
- Full of noise
- The word dawn means
- Very early in the morning
A possessive pronoun is a words that shows ownership. It shows that something belongs to somebody or something else. Example your, yours, her, hers, my, mine, our, ours, their, theirs, its and his.
Examples of possessive pronouns in a sentences.
- We have seen their car
- I am holding my book
- Some will take her pen
Choose the best possessive pronoun to fill in the blanks.
- That car belongs to her, it is (her, mine, her).
- It belongs to you, it is (yours, his, theirs).
- The dog wagged (It’s his, its)
- Where is bag? (ours, our, mine)
- The house belongs to my brother, it is (his, hers, your)
(d) Write free composition correctly with logical flow of ideas on various topics (short stories, news, views, emails, phone messages)
Women Soccer Vocabulary
- Opportunity – chance
- Quality – standard of somebody or something
- Spectators – people who watch sport in a stadium
- Soccer – football
- Boost – help in increase of quality
- Ample – enough
- League – competition among teams in sport
- Urge – to advise somebody to do something
TOPIC 2: COMMUNICATE ORALLY AND IN WRITING – ENGLISH Primary School Notes Standard Seven
One day I had an opportunity of attending a match at the national stadium between Tanzania women soccer team against Ethiopia women soccer team. Everyone who went there enjoyed the match although one cannot match their quality to men. However it is a good beginning for our sisters to shine in future.
There were not many spectators compared to when men teams play and I think it is because women soccer is not popular. But one can see that there is spirit of our sisters fighting and become great players within and outside our country.
On that day Tanzania team won 3-0 and made everybody who watched the match to go home smiling. After watching the match and see the talents and determination of our girl players, I have many things to comment which in one way or the other can help our women soccer players move to another level.
Starting with the players themselves I can say that they need to work hard. ‘As we know practice makes perfect, they need to do a lot of exercise to make themselves physically fit. So here it means even parents are ought to allow their daughters who have passion to play football to train for long time so as to boost their talents and skills.
Also schools where these girls study, should give them ample time to practice. They can also employ teachers who can teach them when they are at school. School is the best place where these players can mature and become great players like those of Europe and America.
There is a role that is supposed to be undertaken by the government. The government together with Tanzania Football Federation (TFF), should put policies that support women soccer the same applies to men soccer.
For instance there should be a strong league throughout the country. The league should be comprised of teams from different regions of Tanzania. Also it should support the starting of many sports academy centres where players can learn soccer from childhood.
We also urge the sponsors to try and sponsor women teams like the way they are supporting men teams. As we know nothing can be done without financial support. Therefore these teams need their support very much.
Last but not least, is about fans of football. We are asking them also to support women soccer by going to their matches whenever necessary. Not only going there, but also cheering at them when they play. By doing so, they will feel supported hence they will work very hard and make our teams especially the national teams to shine.
Fill in the blanks with the correct answers:
- The writer attended the match in the Answer: National stadium
- The writer is talking about in Answer: Women soccer
- He tells us that there were Answer: Few
- Tanzania women soccer team won against Answer: 3 – 0
- Tanzania football federation (TFF) is urged to have a league for women Answer: strong