WHAT WERE THE IMPACTS OF DICTATORSHIP IN EUROPE AND THE WORLD AT LARGE?
Dictatorship is the system of government whereby the ruling power is in the hand of a single person or minority. It is the opposite of Democracy
While striving to rebuild their economies, the Great Depression began in 1929 and added to their problems. These situations caused panic among the citizens. Hungry and hopeless people in many European nations wanted to see changes, thus they looked to powerful people they thought could solve the problems. The social miseries and economic distress resulted from the war and great depression created a climate for the rise of dictatorial regimes.
He was appointed chancellor of Germany in 1933. From there, dictatorship spread to many other European nations like Spain and Portugal. Very few powers among the major European states, especially France and Great Britain remained democratic states. However, in this topic, the focus is Fascist regimes in three countries
THE IMPACTS OF DICTATORSHIP IN EUROPE AND THE WORLD AT LARGE
i. Assassination of many people.
Many people lost their lives during bothMussolini’s and Hitler’s reigns, especially those who opposed their policies. It is impossible to know exactly how many people died as the deaths were comprised of thousands of different events over a period of more than ten years.
It for example argued that, ot 9 milions Jeews living in europe, 6 millions were killed in concentration camps as hitler ordered. All of those who were opponent to him were to leave the country, and find somewhere to live, otherwise were subject to death.
ii. Forced migration.
And German citizens fled Germany in the 1930s Some among them got jobs in the industry, or other potentially sensitive positions. For example, With Hitler on the rise, writers like Thomas Mann, and the brililiant scientist Albert instein and his family fled their native Germany and emigrated to America.
iii. Prosperity of economy.
Hitler notably revived the German economy by launching a number of policies which restored several economic sectors, and caused the unemployment figures to drop. Hitler was not merely a politician, once got into power took different meassures to rebuild the economy of his country.
For example, unemployment droped from six million in 1933 to only three hundred thousands by 1939. Likewise, Italy’s economy rose during the reign of Benito Mussolini.
iv. Fascism burried communism in both Italy and Germany.
Fascism was completely against communism. The governments arrested and silenced any citizens who disagreed with their policies, and the communists were the special target. As one of the strongest political parties in germany before 1934, communists were the major opponents of the Nazis.
Large number of comunists were arrested and sentenced to prison. It is estimated that 340,000 communists were imprisoned within short time of the Nazi regime. Thus comunism totally disappeared in Germany with the rise of Adolf.
v. Loss of democracy.
When these men rose into power, both Italy and Germany were democratic. Nazi Germanyunder the leadership of Hitler soon became a dictatorship. Hitler banned all opposition parties, abolished election, restricted the freedom of expression, and many other elements of democracy. The same policies were adopted by Benito in Italy.
vi. Outbreak of the second world war.
World War Two began in September 1939 when Britain and France declared war on Germany following Germany’s invasion of Poland. Hitler was undoutedly once again responsible for instigating the second world war.
Obviously the second world war was the battle between Democrats (Britain, France and USA) against Dictatorial powers (Germany, Italy, Japan).